What does a director’s report during insolvency contain?

Once an insolvent limited company goes into liquidation, the liquidator’s main job is to find out why it got into trouble financially. This involves examining what the directors did before the company became insolvent.

The results are included in a director’s report, with suggestions about any additional steps required. This report is then forwarded to the Insolvency Service, which acts on behalf of the Secretary of State, for further examination to determine whether there has been any civil or criminal wrongdoing. If criminal activity is suspected, the case might be referred to the police.


Director conduct and liquidation

Director performance poses a significant problem during a company’s winding-up process. According to the Companies Act of 2006, directors hold various responsibilities and must meet specific obligations, including staying fully informed about their company’s financial situation consistently.

This safeguards creditors from encountering financial setbacks and enables the company to promptly respond during downturns to prevent complete insolvency. If a director is discovered to have behaved improperly or unlawfully, or if their actions contribute to the company’s downfall, the director’s report will furnish comprehensive details.


Exploring different types of director’s reports during liquidation?

Three distinct types of director’s conduct reports might be compiled:

1. D2 Final Report

A D2 final report is issued when the liquidator has found no irregularities to report to the Secretary of State, marking the conclusion of their inquiry.

2. D1 Report

The liquidator issues a D1 report if they’ve discovered something they deem significant regarding the company’s collapse attributable to director actions. This report could lead to action by the Insolvency Service, indicating potential misconduct or mismanagement within the company.

3. D2 Interim Report

Issued when the liquidator requires additional time to continue their investigations.


What happens when a D1 director’s report has been issued?

If the office-holder has confirmed wrongdoing by one or more directors, they will compile a D1 report and forward it to the Insolvency Service for further examination of the circumstances.

The liquidator might suspect that more than one director is accountable for mismanagement. However, if not all directors are involved, they will ensure to specify who they believe is responsible.

The Insolvency Service reviews the D1 report and conducts background checks on each director suspected of wrongdoing, including assessing their history, such as any involvement with previously failed companies.

Specifying individuals in this manner safeguards directors who are not under suspicion from facing penalties and sanctions that may be applied in such cases.


Read More:   


Are there any potential drawbacks of a director’s report in liquidation?

1. D2 Interim Report

Directors could still encounter civil or criminal consequences for misconduct or misdemeanours concerning their company’s failure. They must await the liquidator’s completion of a full investigation to learn more.

2. D2 Final Report

When a D2 final report is issued, directors are not suspected of any wrongdoing regarding their company’s insolvency. They are thus free to pursue other ventures without facing sanctions.

3. D1 Report

Under civil law, the Insolvency Service holds the authority to impose penalties on directors through various means. They have a window of up to two years to initiate action, although extensions to this timeframe may be sought in certain instances.

Sanctions may involve:

  • Being liable for compensation if creditors have endured substantial losses due to the company’s collapse.
  • Facing a prison sentence if criminal activity is uncovered.
  • Disqualification as a director for a period of 2 to 15 years under the Company Directors Disqualification Act (CDDA) 1986.
  • Personal accountability for some or all of the company’s debts.

If you’re worried about an investigation post the liquidation of your company, or seek further details, Vanguard Insolvency is here to assist. 

We’ll clarify your position as a director of an insolvent company and offer dependable guidance. Please reach out to one of our partner-led teams – we provide complimentary same-day consultations and have a network of offices across the UK.

David Jackson MD
Senior Partner at Vanguard Insolvency Practitioners | Website

I am an insolvency professional with a distinguished career specialising in commercial insolvency, adeptly navigating Creditors Voluntary Liquidation, Company Voluntary Arrangements, and Company Administrations. With a comprehensive understanding of insolvency laws and an unwavering commitment to ethical practices.