What is the process of LPA receivership? 

The Law of Property Act, or LPA, receivership unfolds when a debtor neglects agreed payments to a creditor with a fixed legal charge. Upon falling into arrears, the creditor can initiate the receivership process to take ownership of the specified asset. Creditors commence the LPA receivership by appointing a receiver to act on their behalf in managing this situation.


What you must know about LPA Receivership

Law of Property Act (LPA) receivership involves a creditor taking ownership of a debtor’s property when they default on a mortgage secured by a fixed legal charge. 

Administrative receivership, less common, sees the lender taking control of an indebted company’s business operations to recover owed funds. Once a lender becomes a receiver or appoints one, the emphasis shifts to collecting rent, facilitating property sale/acquisition, or engaging in business transactions to cover the total debt cost.


How Does the Process Begin?

In certain cases, the lender and debtor may agree on LPA receivership as the most appropriate course of action. This allows the debtor to initiate debt repayment without further consequences (albeit at the expense of losing a property), while the creditor can recover the owed funds. The receivership process begins when the lender sends an appointment letter to the chosen receiver. The receiver’s appointment is expected to be registered with the Registrar of Companies within a week, though non-registration does not invalidate the appointment. The lender retains the right to replace the current receiver and appoint a new one at any time.


When Can a Lender Assign a Receiver?

Under the Law of Property Act, when mortgage payments are overdue, the lender can initiate the process of appointing a receiver to collect income from the mortgaged property

However, before the lender can appoint a receiver, they must first be able to exercise their right of power of sale as per the mortgage terms. Unless the mortgagor has breached a provision in the legal charge of the mortgage deed, the lender must serve a notice demanding payment. If the demanded repayment is not made, the lender can then proceed to appoint a receiver. If a violation of the legal charge in the mortgage deed occurs, the mortgagee has the immediate right to appoint a receiver.


Does the Debtor Have to Be Legally Insolvent?

The lender’s authority to enforce through receivership is derived from the provisions of the Law of Property Act of 1925 and is not regulated by the Insolvency Act of 1986. Consequently, the lender is not required to prove or petition the Insolvency, unlike many other formal insolvency procedures. 

In fact, receivership is not truly an insolvency procedure. Instead, once it can be unequivocally demonstrated that the loan has been defaulted, the creditor has the right to use an appointment to designate a receiver of their choice. 


What Alternatives and Rights Does the Receiver Have?

The primary goal of the receiver is to act in the lender’s interest and swiftly recover all owed funds. Section 109 of the LPA outlines the statutory powers of a receiver, but lenders commonly enhance these powers by adding provisions to the legal charge within the mortgage deed. The statutory powers in the LPA include:

  • The right to request and collect all income (rent) generated by the property.
  • The right to use some funds received to insure any property covered by the mortgage.

Under the LPA, the mortgagee can also delegate the following contractual powers to the receiver:

  • The power to facilitate the sale of the mortgaged property.
  • The power to create and grant leases (note: this power must be delegated in writing).


Most receivers are fixed charge receivers, appointed under the express right granted in the mortgage deed’s provision. This often streamlines the process, bypassing waiting periods and payment request procedures. Fixed charge receivers possess powers from the LPA and contractual capabilities outlined in the mortgage agreement terms. Therefore, the receiver’s powers are usually determined by the appointment documentation, a crucial aspect to thoroughly review in every case.


When Does Receivership Conclude?

While many receiverships conclude with property sales, this isn’t always the outcome. An experienced receiver considers various factors to formulate a suitable strategy, taking into account property occupancy and operational status, the mortgage background (including balance, arrears, and monthly payments), and any addressable issues affecting the property’s value. Typically, an adept receiver can enhance the property’s realisable value before initiating negotiations for a sale or acquisition. The receivership concludes when the receiver has recovered the amount owed to the appointing mortgagee.

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If you have concerns about your rights as a mortgagee or mortgagor and wish to learn more about the receivership process and procedure, feel free to reach out to us for a complimentary consultation. Our team members are skilled in accurately assessing your situation and offering valuable advice and assistance.

Senior Partner at Vanguard Insolvency Practitioners | Website | + posts

I am an insolvency professional with a distinguished career specialising in commercial insolvency, adeptly navigating Creditors Voluntary Liquidation, Company Voluntary Arrangements, and Company Administrations. With a comprehensive understanding of insolvency laws and an unwavering commitment to ethical practices.